Dermatology for Skin Health

Some of the most common skin issues include blemishes and wrinkles. However, there are thousands of other conditions which can affect the skin. While some are minor and cause mild symptoms, others can be serious and even fatal. Signs that you need to visit a dermatologist include redness, itching, pain, rashes and pus. Dermatology wake forest specialize in treating the skin, hair and nails in addition to cosmetic treatments which are focused on improving the appearance of the skin. Regular skin cancer screenings can help save your life. The following are common conditions which merit a visit to the dermatologist.

Acne is considered to be the most common skin condition in the United States. It causes various blemishes throughout the face and other areas of the body. Blemishes can include whiteheads, blackheads, pimples and deep, painful cysts. They often form because the oil glands in the skin produce an abundance of a substance called sebum which clogs the pores. Blemishes can also be caused by bacteria. While acne is quite common in people in their teenage years, you can experience it at any age. Blemishes often appear on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders. Although acne is not considered life threatening, it can be unsightly, uncomfortable and upsetting. When it is left untreated, it can leave permanent scars. Treatment for acne can include over-the-counter or prescription creams, gels, oral medication, chemical peels, and laser therapy.

Eczema is a blanket term which is used for several chronic skin conditions which cause inflammation or swelling of the skin. It can be quick uncomfortable and stressful to deal with. The condition often causes red, swollen, dry and itchy skin. The most common type of eczema is called atopic dermatitis. Babies and children are often affected by this type of eczema. Kids can develop a rash on their cheeks or in other areas of their body. In some cases, children have trouble sleeping because the condition is so itchy. Dermatologists can diagnose eczema using specific tests or through a skin exam. Over-the-counter and prescription creams in addition to some medications can help ease the side effects.

Psoriasis stems from an immune system issue. The condition causes skin cells to develop too quickly. The cells then pile up on the surface of the skin and creates patches which are called plaques. They can be thick and red or have scales which are silvery. They can also be itchy or painful. It commonly appears on the elbows, knees, legs, face and scalp and in some cases, on the bottom of the feet. The patches can also show up on the fingernails, genitals or inside the mouth, however, this is uncommon. Dermatologists are able to diagnose psoriasis by examining a skin sample using a microscope. Psoriasis is a chronic condition which creams can be used to soothe the skin and aid it in healing. Treatment may also include oral medication to suppress an overactive immune system.

The skin changes as we age. People often notice wrinkles, dryness and discoloration or age spots. The harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun and smoking can expedite and exaggerate these signs of aging. It is important to wear sunscreen to help prevent sun damage. Lifestyle choices such as not smoking and eating a balanced diet can also help protect skin. If you are not happy with your appearance, you may benefit from an appointment with a dermatologist. There are numerous treatments available which can help smooth wrinkles, improve the texture/color and tighten the skin. Treatments such as chemical peels, laser therapy, Botox injections, and fillers can help give the skin a more youthful appearance.

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